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Education in Indonesia in the Dutch Colonial Period

In 1942 the Japanese officially mastered Indonesia after the supreme commander of the Dutch surrender. On the Japanese, education which had previously been running at the time of the Dutch colonization has been dismissed.

All schools that have closed and re-opened after the enactment of the new system different from the education system of the Netherlands. The new system of education in the Japanese colonial era this was made to attract the sympathy of the people of Indonesia.

Education in Indonesia at the Time of Japanese Colonial Education in Indonesia during The Japanese Occupation
Well, for more details about the history of education in Indonesia during the Japanese occupation, the following reviews complete.

The Education System
The educational system during the Japanese occupation is divided into several parts.

1. Basic Education (Gokumin Gakko)
Elementary school or folk school dinunakan as a place for learning basic education. Elementary school done for the past 6 years and this school is for all the people of Indonesia without any difference in status. These systems provide a great advantage for the people of Indonesia, for all people, especially of the lower class can enjoy education equivalent to upper class.

2. Advanced Education (Shoto Chu Gakko)
Advanced education during the Japanese occupation carried on for 3 years. Advanced education or that we now know with junior high School (SMP) provides advanced education to students who have completed completed basic education.

3. Secondary Education (Chu Gakko)
Secondary education or Upper Secondary School (high SCHOOL) it's called today, carried out during 3 years. Secondary education provides learning that is more focused based on the results of learning in further education.

4. Vocational Education (Kogyo Gakko)
Vocational education is education where the learning is specific and detailed. This education is prioritizing skills that will get students to plunge into the community.

5. Higher Education
The level of University education during the Japanese occupation is not enforced, but the level is replaced with the higher education. Higher education was opened by the government of Japan is High School of Medicine and the technical High School Bandung.

In addition to the formation of a new system in education in Indonesia, Japan also began to seek the sympathy of the people of Indonesia to conduct training to the teachers.

As for the contents of the training materials given by the Japanese government as follows:
The planting of the ideology of Hakko Ichiu, which is the slogan of the brotherhood who created Japan to the East Asian Kingdom.

(Nippon Seisyin) Train teachers in the military along with the nature of the Japanese spirit in educating their students
Provide training in the form of the Japanese language, Japanese history and Japanese customs
Follow the activities of the sports Japanese and can sing Japanese songs.

Not only the teachers who get the training, the sisiwa the study also get guidance from the Japanese government. This guidance is aimed at forming the student discipline as well as obedience of students to the obligations to be performed every day at school.

As for such obligations as:
Can sing the Japanese national anthem (Kimigato) in the morning every day
Hoist Hinomura or the Japanese flag as well as lowered his head facing east to honor the Tenno Haika the Japanese Emperor every morning.

Do the oath of allegiance (Dai Toa) to the ideals of the Asian Kingdom
Do gymnastics Japan (Taiso) every morning
Physical training military-style japan
Using the language of instruction in the form of the Indonesian language in addition to Japanese.

Thus about education which occurred in the period of Japanese colonization. And of course, the system created by the government of Japan, a bit much still enforced by the government of Indonesia until today.
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